Cultural and historical 3D landscape. An educational project based on stereoscopic photography
Stereoscopy occupied a prominent place in amateur photography in the first third of the 20th century. Amateur photographers used it to record their excursions and trips, often in the landscape and monumental tradition of nineteenth-century tourist photography. Other themes were also added: leisure, family scenes, cultural concerns, etc. One example is the work of the Mallorcan doctor Jaume Escalas Real (1893-1979), who used stereoscopic and other techniques (1915-1975) to record landscapes, events, everyday life and travel. He was also a leading promoter of Mallorca’s tourist projection thanks to his graphic guides (begun in the 1930s). His photographic collection has been preserved with hundreds of positives and stereoscopic negatives, as well as his cameras and accessories.
This section disseminates some of the results that are emerging in a collaborative project of educational innovation aimed at students of the University Master’s Degree in Cultural Heritage: Research and Management, of the degree in Art History and of the Specialization Diploma of the Open University of Seniors (UOM). The objective is to promote historical understanding and current awareness of heritage value that students can achieve through the management, study and play of old and contemporary stereoscopic photography. It also wants to involve the student in the creation and visualization of immersive images through new technologies. It is intended to take advantage of the media potential and the historical conception of optical spectacle that maintains stereoscopic photography as an initial form of motivation to bring students closer to new forms of landscape interpretation, as well as promote the acquisition of knowledge related to the improvement of visual literacy. and photographic, an aspect that affects its ability to generate quality graphic documentation. It is in this sense that the proposal is configured as an action of educational innovation aimed at the aforementioned strata of university education, and it can also be projected at other levels of education and the so-called common recipient.
The project is based on four basic learning axes: 1) Historical knowledge of stereoscopy, focusing on cases linked to art and photography in the Balearic Islands 2) Acquisition of introductory methods so that students can record stereoscopic images in iconic relation with the previous ones; 3) Online dissemination of the visual material obtained and, finally, 4) Generation of new knowledge and interpretations from the results obtained.
Jaume Escalas Real. Coll d’en Rabassa, Palma (Mallorca). 31 de maig de 1922.
Josep Pons Frau. Processó a l’exterior de l’església de Sant Francesc, c. 1930. Fons Fotogràfic Pons Frau, Arxiu Històric de la UIB (ES 7040 AHUIB FJPF-006-Imatge 15).
Jaume Escalas Real. Grup de persones enfront del vaixell Kanguro, Palma (Mallorca). 21 de setembre de 1921
PROYECTO DE INNOVACIÓN DOCENTE: PID212221-El paisatge cultural i històric en 3D. Un projecte docent basat en fotografia estereoscòpica. Con la ayuda de IRIE (Institut de Recerca i Innovació Educativa).
Joan Carles Oliver Torelló
Maria Josep Mulet Gutiérrez
María Sebastián Sebastián
Júlia Roman Quetglas
Andreu Ramis Puig-Gros